|窄叶柳兰 (Epilobium angustifolium) Fireweed, Great Willow-Herb, rosebay willowherb
柳叶菜科 Onagraceae 的窄叶柳兰是多年生的草本植物。 Angustus 是 “窄” 的意思。 Folium 是 “叶” 的意思。 它有什么用途？ 北美洲的土著吃它。
ZT: The young shoots were often collected in the spring by Native American people and mixed with other greens. As the plant matures the leaves
become tough and somewhat bitter. The southeast Native Americans use the stems in this stage. They are peeled and eaten raw. When properly
prepared soon after picking they are a good source of vitamin C and pro-vitamin A. The Dena'ina add fireweed to their dogs' food. Fireweed is also
a medicine of the Upper Inlet Dena'ina, who treat pus-filled boils or cuts by placing a piece of the raw stem on the afflicted area. This is said to draw
the pus out of the cut or boil and prevents a cut with pus in it from healing over too quickly.
The root can be roasted after scraping off the outside, but often tastes bitter. To mitigate this, the root is collected before the plant flowers and the
brown thread in the middle removed. In Alaska, candies, syrups, jellies, and even ice cream are made from fireweed. Monofloral honey made
primarily from fireweed nectar has a distinctive, spiced flavor. In Russia, its leaves are used as tea substitute and were exported, known in Western
Europe as Koporye Tea (Копорский чай) or Russian Tea. Fireweed leaves can undergo fermentation, much like real tea. Today, koporye tea is
still occasionally consumed though not commercially important. Chamerion angustifolium (Epilobium angustifolium) herb has been used in the
traditional Austrian medicine internally as tea for treatment of disorders of the prostate, kidneys, and urinary tract.
以下两张照片摄于海拔 7500 英尺的奥勒冈州 Crater Lake 火山湖附近。
以下两张照片摄于海拔 250 英尺的 New Jersey Ringwood Botanical Garden。